Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery replaces parts of injured or worn-out knee joints. The surgery can help ease pain and make the knee work better. During the surgery, damaged bone and cartilage are replaced with parts made of metal and plastic.

Knee Anatomy and Function

The knee joint, a pivotal joint in the human body, connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone) and the patella (kneecap). It comprises tendons that link bones to leg muscles, while ligaments provide stability.

Knee injuries are common, with around 2.5 million sports-related incidents reported annually, making it susceptible to damage. Gadge Hospital in Nagpur offers top-notch Knee Replacement Surgery and Knee Ligament injury treatments.

Knee Replacement Surgery Overview

Knee replacement, also known as Knee Arthroplasty, is a procedure to reconstruct a damaged knee joint due to arthritis. Metal and plastic components replace the affected knee surfaces, providing relief to arthritis sufferers or those with severe knee injuries.

The surgery aims to restore knee function, reduce pain, and enhance mobility. Studies reveal that over 90% of patients experience improved mobility and reduced pain post-surgery.

Various types of arthritis can affect the knee, including Osteoarthritis (most common in middle-aged and older individuals), Rheumatoid arthritis (causing inflammation and stiffness), and Traumatic arthritis (resulting from knee cartilage damage).


Before surgery, patients undergo a thorough physical examination and necessary tests. They must disclose medication allergies and use to the orthopedic experts at Gadge Hospital. Patients are advised not to eat for eight hours before surgery and are given a sedative.

Post-Surgery Care

After discharge, patients must keep the surgical area clean and dry. They receive guidance on bathing, and stitches or staples are removed during follow-up appointments. Pain relief measures, elevation of the leg, and ice application are suggested to reduce swelling. Patients should report any unusual symptoms or increased pain.

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

Total Knee Replacement (TKR) involves replacing damaged knee joint surfaces with artificial implants, addressing all compartments of the knee. TKR is effective for advanced arthritis, restoring function by resurfacing the entire joint.

Partial Knee Replacement (PKR) Involving the replacement of only the damaged portion of the knee joint, PKR conserves healthy tissue, offering a more targeted solution for localized arthritis, preserving ligaments and parts of the knee.

Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement (MIS): Utilizing smaller incisions and specialized techniques, MIS aims to reduce muscle and tissue damage during surgery. This approach potentially leads to quicker recovery, less pain, and a smaller scar compared to traditional knee replacement procedures.

It addresses issues with a previously implanted artificial knee joint, involving the removal or replacement of worn-out or failed components. This complex procedure is necessary for managing complications, restoring function, and alleviating pain in individuals with previous knee replacements.

Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery at Gadge Hospital Nagpur

Gadge Hospital, renowned for its advanced medical technology and expert orthopedic team offers several advantages:

  • Reduced pain and improved mobility due to the removal of damaged joint surfaces.
  • High success rates with patients experiencing enhanced functionality and engagement in physical activities.

Specialized Techniques Offered

  • Medial Subvastus Approach: Minimally invasive technique sparing the quadriceps muscle, facilitating quicker rehabilitation and less postoperative pain.
  • Modified Antero-Lateral Approach for Total Hip Replacement: Technique minimizing trauma to muscles and reducing risks during hip replacement surgery.
  • Computer-Assisted Total Knee Replacement (CAS – TKR): Advanced technology ensuring precise alignment and positioning of implants, reducing the need for future surgeries.
  • Pain Management: Multifaceted approaches by anesthesiologists to alleviate post-surgical pain, including nerve blocks and continuous drug delivery systems.

Knee Replacement Surgery at Gadge Hospital Nagpur, India

  • The knee, a pivotal joint connecting the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia), is essential for mobility. Its complexity makes it prone to injury and arthritis. At Gadge Hospital Nagpur, we specialize in top-tier knee replacement surgeries and knee ligament injury treatments. Our team, comprising highly skilled knee replacement surgeons, is dedicated to delivering exceptional orthopedic care.

  • Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a procedure designed to restore a damaged knee affected by arthritis. It involves using metal and plastic components to cap the bone ends within the knee joint and kneecap. This procedure is particularly effective for individuals suffering from arthritis or severe knee injuries.


  • Arthritis, such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, can cause significant damage to knee joints, leading to pain and reduced mobility. Our aim at Gadge Hospital is to alleviate pain and enhance mobility in individuals with arthritic knee joints through advanced knee replacement treatments

The Knee Replacement Surgery Process at Gadge Hospital Nagpur:

  • Knee Incision: Surgeons create an incision around the front of the knee to access the kneecap, enabling the necessary procedure. This incision typically ranges from 4 to 10 inches, depending on the surgical approach
  • Patella Adjustment: Initially, the surgeon exposes the kneecap and rotates it outside the knee area to facilitate the surgical process.
  • Thighbone Preparation: The femur (thigh bone) is meticulously reshaped and resurfaced, removing damaged portions and cartilage.
  • Implanting the Femoral Component: The metal femoral component is precisely fixed onto the femur’s edge using bone cement, forming part of the artificial knee joint.
  • Shinbone Preparation: The surgeon then focuses on the tibia (shinbone), reshaping it and preparing it to receive the metal and plastic tibial component.
  • Applying the Tibial Component: The tibial tray, forming the lower part of the implant, is secured in place using bone cement. A medical-grade plastic insert is then snapped in between the tibial tray and femoral component to provide support during knee movement.
  • Patella Adjustment: Before repositioning the patella, it’s flattened and secured with an additional plastic component to ensure proper alignment with the implant.
  • Conclusion of Procedure: The knee joint is flexed and tested for proper functionality, alignment, and positioning of the implants. The incision is closed with stitches or staples, and the patient is prepared for recovery.

At Gadge Hospital Nagpur, we prepare patients thoroughly for knee replacement surgeries. This involves comprehensive explanations of the procedure, physical examinations, and necessary tests to ensure suitability. We also provide guidance on pre-surgery preparations, including medication details and dietary restrictions.

Post Knee Replacement Surgery at Gadge Hospital Nagpur:

  • After discharge, patients receive detailed instructions on wound care, including bathing guidelines and follow-up appointments for stitch or staple removal. Pain management strategies, including elevation and ice application, are recommended to alleviate discomfort.

  • Patients are advised to report any signs of concern such as fever, redness, swelling, bleeding, or increased pain around the incision site. Driving and strenuous activities should be avoided, and adherence to the prescribed rehabilitation plan is crucial for full recovery.

Why Choose Gadge Hospital for Best Knee Replacement Surgery in Nagpur:

Gadge Hospital is a renowned multi-specialty hospital known for its exceptional orthopedic care. Equipped with state-of-the-art technology, our hospital caters to a wide range of Knee Replacement Surgery, from simple to complex. We specialize in minimally invasive approaches like the medial subvastus approach, enabling quicker recovery and less post-operative discomfort.

Gadge Hospital Nagpur is committed to providing exceptional orthopedic care, ensuring patients receive the best treatment and support throughout their knee replacement journey.